Document Type


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Publication Date



DDAS, 2007, Afghanistan, excavation, AP


The primary and secondary causes of this accident are listed as Unavoidable because it is possible that the Victim was working to his SOPs at the time of the accident (excavation accidents do occur even when working correctly). The fact that his injuries only resulted in lower leg injury imply that he was squatting to excavate and that his visor was worn correctly



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.