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Date of Graduation
Educational Specialist (EdS)
Department of Graduate Psychology
This paper examines the counseling and psychological needs of first responders, as a special population with special needs. It also proposes how counselors can address these needs. Included is a review of relevant literature and concludes with strategies counselors could implement to respond effectively to direct and vicarious trauma experienced by first responders. There is also information related to pre-incident and post-incident care and addresses issues that impact this population’s response to care, ability to seek care, and the overall understanding of what mental health care really means to this group.
Garber, Donna V., "Counseling needs of first responders" (2020). Educational Specialist, 2020-current. 13.