Preferred Name

Katie Sergent

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Educational Specialist (EdS)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Amanda Evans

Renee Staton

Debbie Sturm


This integrative literature review explores the increase of technology use in families, with a focus on how technology is disrupting in-person social interactions within the family system. Many studies have been conducted on how technology impacts a couple’s romantic relationship, and only a few have examined the relationship between the parent and child. This review is one of the first to examine how technology may affect the entire family unit from before children to raising adolescents. Each section of the family unit is examined, beginning with before children, followed by the early bonding and attachment associated with infant/childhood, and then the adolescent parent relationship. Research is then provided on how technology cues our ancestral adaptations making it more difficult for families to disconnect. This review finishes with clinical recommendations from the research. The recommendations are separated into two clinically relevant subcategories: 1) interventions; 2) and conversations.



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