Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation


Document Type


Degree Name

Educational Specialist (EdS)


Department of Graduate Psychology


Tammy Gilligan

Tiffany Hornsby

Amanda Evans


Gender and sexual minority (GSM) students are one of the most vulnerable populations in schools today. Current research identifies numerous protective factors known to positively impact students’ overall outcomes. However, it is still common to find schools that do not allow these protective factors to exist. This study seeks to gain a better understanding of the patterns and pathways of resiliency within the GSM community when known environmental protective factors do not exist. Interviews were conducted with five participants who shared their experiences of access to supports in high school. The goal of this study is to document and describe GSM students’ experience in schools and thus provide teachers, school psychologists, and other school staff with resources for supporting GSM students in schools.



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