Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Date of Graduation

Spring 2017

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)


Department of Philosophy and Religion


Alan Kirk

Frances Flannery

Stephen Chappell


This paper examines the development of various theories about the afterlife – and even beyond theories that deal with post-mortem – in the early Jewish period. There is an emphasis placed on the development of the theory of predestination within the Qumran Yachad – the Dead Sea Scrolls Community. The main text utilized for arguing the development of predestination thought in the literature of the Qumranites is the Rule of the Community. Other various texts from the Hebrew Bible and from the early Jewish period are examined in order to explain the development of other theories such as resurrection, immortality of the soul, and no further vindication beyond Sheol. Several of the main Jewish sects from the time period, such as the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes are also discussed in the paper.



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