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Date of Award
Bachelor of Science (BS)
Department of Kinesiology
Michael J. Saunders
Questionnaires such as the Profile of Mood States (POMS) and Daily Analysis of Life Demands for Athletes (DALDA) have been used to detect changes in mood and perceived feelings of fatigue/vigor in athletes. The present study tested the efficacy of a more recent questionnaire, Mental Physical State and Trait Energy and Fatigue Scales (MPSTEFS), to detect changes in perceived feelings of energy and fatigue during heavy exercise training. Sub-scales of the MPSTEFS include Physical Energy, Physical Fatigue, Mental Energy, and Mental Fatigue. POMS and DALDA questionnaire scores were used for comparison. Eight trained cyclists performed two exercise-training protocols. Each training protocol included three phases: Normal Training (NT), Intensified Cycle Training (ICT, 10 days with a 100% increase in training volume versus NT), and Reduced Volume Training (RVT, 10 days at 60% of NT training volumes). Following ICT, Physical Energy scores decreased significantly from NT while Physical and Mental Fatigue increased significantly from NT (p < 0.05). Mental Energy tended to decrease from NT, but the change was not statistically significant (p = 0.078). Following RVT, Physical Energy and Physical Fatigue significantly increased/decreased, respectively. Mental Energy and Fatigue tended to increased/decreased in a similar fashion, but these changes were not significant. Following RVT, Physical Energy and Fatigue significantly increased/decreased versus NT. Mental Energy and Fatigue followed similar patterns as their Physical counterparts, but these changes were not significant. Correlation analyses were performed between changes in cycling performance (30 km time trial) and changes in questionnaire scores across all time points. No significant correlations were observed, other than between changes in performance from ICTRVT and changes in the Vigor/Activity subscale of the POMS questionnaire. Ultimately, the MPSTEFS tracked perceived feelings of energy and fatigue as well as the established questionnaire, but should be investigated in future overreaching studies for verification.
Crouch, Jack Dyer III, "Psychological effects of intensified cycle training and effectiveness testing of the mental/physical state and trait energy and fatigue scale" (2014). Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current. 405.